Source code for captum._utils.models.linear_model.model

from typing import Callable, cast, List, Optional

import torch.nn as nn
from captum._utils.models.model import Model
from torch import Tensor
from torch.utils.data import DataLoader


class LinearModel(nn.Module, Model):
    SUPPORTED_NORMS: List[Optional[str]] = [None, "batch_norm", "layer_norm"]

    def __init__(self, train_fn: Callable, **kwargs) -> None:
        r"""
        Constructs a linear model with a training function and additional
        construction arguments that will be sent to
        `self._construct_model_params` after a `self.fit` is called. Please note
        that this assumes the `self.train_fn` will call
        `self._construct_model_params`.

        Please note that this is an experimental feature.

        Args:
            train_fn (callable)
                The function to train with. See
                `captum._utils.models.linear_model.train.sgd_train_linear_model`
                and
                `captum._utils.models.linear_model.train.sklearn_train_linear_model`
                for examples
            kwargs
                Any additional keyword arguments to send to
                `self._construct_model_params` once a `self.fit` is called.
        """
        super().__init__()

        self.norm: Optional[nn.Module] = None
        self.linear: Optional[nn.Linear] = None
        self.train_fn = train_fn
        self.construct_kwargs = kwargs

    def _construct_model_params(
        self,
        in_features: Optional[int] = None,
        out_features: Optional[int] = None,
        norm_type: Optional[str] = None,
        affine_norm: bool = False,
        bias: bool = True,
        weight_values: Optional[Tensor] = None,
        bias_value: Optional[Tensor] = None,
        classes: Optional[Tensor] = None,
    ):
        r"""
        Lazily initializes a linear model. This will be called for you in a
        train method.

        Args:
            in_features (int):
                The number of input features
            output_features (int):
                The number of output features.
            norm_type (str, optional):
                The type of normalization that can occur. Please assign this
                to one of `PyTorchLinearModel.SUPPORTED_NORMS`.
            affine_norm (bool):
                Whether or not to learn an affine transformation of the
                normalization parameters used.
            bias (bool):
                Whether to add a bias term. Not needed if normalized input.
            weight_values (tensor, optional):
                The values to initialize the linear model with. This must be a
                1D or 2D tensor, and of the form `(num_outputs, num_features)` or
                `(num_features,)`. Additionally, if this is provided you need not
                to provide `in_features` or `out_features`.
            bias_value (tensor, optional):
                The bias value to initialize the model with.
            classes (tensor, optional):
                The list of prediction classes supported by the model in case it
                performs classificaton. In case of regression it is set to None.
                Default: None
        """
        if norm_type not in LinearModel.SUPPORTED_NORMS:
            raise ValueError(
                f"{norm_type} not supported. Please use {LinearModel.SUPPORTED_NORMS}"
            )

        if weight_values is not None:
            in_features = weight_values.shape[-1]
            out_features = (
                1 if len(weight_values.shape) == 1 else weight_values.shape[0]
            )

        if in_features is None or out_features is None:
            raise ValueError(
                "Please provide `in_features` and `out_features` or `weight_values`"
            )

        if norm_type == "batch_norm":
            self.norm = nn.BatchNorm1d(in_features, eps=1e-8, affine=affine_norm)
        elif norm_type == "layer_norm":
            self.norm = nn.LayerNorm(
                in_features, eps=1e-8, elementwise_affine=affine_norm
            )
        else:
            self.norm = None

        self.linear = nn.Linear(in_features, out_features, bias=bias)

        if weight_values is not None:
            self.linear.weight.data = weight_values

        if bias_value is not None:
            if not bias:
                raise ValueError("`bias_value` is not None and bias is False")

            self.linear.bias.data = bias_value

        if classes is not None:
            self.linear.classes = classes

    def fit(self, train_data: DataLoader, **kwargs):
        r"""
        Calls `self.train_fn`
        """
        return self.train_fn(
            self,
            dataloader=train_data,
            construct_kwargs=self.construct_kwargs,
            **kwargs,
        )

    def forward(self, x: Tensor) -> Tensor:
        assert self.linear is not None
        if self.norm is not None:
            x = self.norm(x)
        return self.linear(x)

    def representation(self) -> Tensor:
        r"""
        Returns a tensor which describes the hyper-plane input space. This does
        not include the bias. For bias/intercept, please use `self.bias`
        """
        assert self.linear is not None
        return self.linear.weight.detach()

    def bias(self) -> Optional[Tensor]:
        r"""
        Returns the bias of the linear model
        """
        if self.linear is None or self.linear.bias is None:
            return None
        return self.linear.bias.detach()

    def classes(self) -> Optional[Tensor]:
        if self.linear is None or self.linear.classes is None:
            return None
        return cast(Tensor, self.linear.classes).detach()


[docs]class SGDLinearModel(LinearModel): def __init__(self, **kwargs) -> None: r""" Factory class. Construct a a `LinearModel` with the `sgd_train_linear_model` as the train method Args: kwargs Arguments send to `self._construct_model_params` after `self.fit` is called. Please refer to that method for parameter documentation. """ # avoid cycles from captum._utils.models.linear_model.train import sgd_train_linear_model super().__init__(train_fn=sgd_train_linear_model, **kwargs)
[docs]class SGDLasso(SGDLinearModel): def __init__(self, **kwargs) -> None: r""" Factory class to train a `LinearModel` with SGD (`sgd_train_linear_model`) whilst setting appropriate parameters to optimize for ridge regression loss. This optimizes L2 loss + alpha * L1 regularization. Please note that with SGD it is not guaranteed that weights will converge to 0. """ super().__init__(**kwargs)
[docs] def fit(self, train_data: DataLoader, **kwargs): # avoid cycles from captum._utils.models.linear_model.train import l2_loss return super().fit(train_data=train_data, loss_fn=l2_loss, reg_term=1, **kwargs)
[docs]class SGDRidge(SGDLinearModel): def __init__(self, **kwargs) -> None: r""" Factory class to train a `LinearModel` with SGD (`sgd_train_linear_model`) whilst setting appropriate parameters to optimize for ridge regression loss. This optimizes L2 loss + alpha * L2 regularization. """ super().__init__(**kwargs)
[docs] def fit(self, train_data: DataLoader, **kwargs): # avoid cycles from captum._utils.models.linear_model.train import l2_loss return super().fit(train_data=train_data, loss_fn=l2_loss, reg_term=2, **kwargs)
class SGDLinearRegression(SGDLinearModel): def __init__(self, **kwargs) -> None: r""" Factory class to train a `LinearModel` with SGD (`sgd_train_linear_model`). For linear regression this assigns the loss to L2 and no regularization. """ super().__init__(**kwargs) def fit(self, train_data: DataLoader, **kwargs): # avoid cycles from captum._utils.models.linear_model.train import l2_loss return super().fit( train_data=train_data, loss_fn=l2_loss, reg_term=None, **kwargs )
[docs]class SkLearnLinearModel(LinearModel): def __init__(self, sklearn_module: str, **kwargs) -> None: r""" Factory class to construct a `LinearModel` with sklearn training method. Please note that this assumes: 0. You have sklearn and numpy installed 1. The dataset can fit into memory SkLearn support does introduce some slight overhead as we convert the tensors to numpy and then convert the resulting trained model to a `LinearModel` object. However, this conversion should be negligible. Args: sklearn_module The module under sklearn to construct and use for training, e.g. use "svm.LinearSVC" for an SVM or "linear_model.Lasso" for Lasso. There are factory classes defined for you for common use cases, such as `SkLearnLasso`. kwargs The kwargs to pass to the construction of the sklearn model """ # avoid cycles from captum._utils.models.linear_model.train import sklearn_train_linear_model super().__init__(train_fn=sklearn_train_linear_model, **kwargs) self.sklearn_module = sklearn_module
[docs] def fit(self, train_data: DataLoader, **kwargs): r""" Args: train_data Train data to use kwargs Arguments to feed to `.fit` method for sklearn """ return super().fit( train_data=train_data, sklearn_trainer=self.sklearn_module, **kwargs )
[docs]class SkLearnLasso(SkLearnLinearModel): def __init__(self, **kwargs) -> None: r""" Factory class. Trains a `LinearModel` model with `sklearn.linear_model.Lasso`. You will need sklearn version >= 0.23 to support sample weights. """ super().__init__(sklearn_module="linear_model.Lasso", **kwargs)
[docs] def fit(self, train_data: DataLoader, **kwargs): return super().fit(train_data=train_data, **kwargs)
[docs]class SkLearnRidge(SkLearnLinearModel): def __init__(self, **kwargs) -> None: r""" Factory class. Trains a model with `sklearn.linear_model.Ridge`. Any arguments provided to the sklearn constructor can be provided as kwargs here. """ super().__init__(sklearn_module="linear_model.Ridge", **kwargs)
[docs] def fit(self, train_data: DataLoader, **kwargs): return super().fit(train_data=train_data, **kwargs)
[docs]class SkLearnLinearRegression(SkLearnLinearModel): def __init__(self, **kwargs) -> None: r""" Factory class. Trains a model with `sklearn.linear_model.LinearRegression`. Any arguments provided to the sklearn constructor can be provided as kwargs here. """ super().__init__(sklearn_module="linear_model.LinearRegression", **kwargs)
[docs] def fit(self, train_data: DataLoader, **kwargs): return super().fit(train_data=train_data, **kwargs)
class SkLearnLogisticRegression(SkLearnLinearModel): def __init__(self, **kwargs) -> None: r""" Factory class. Trains a model with `sklearn.linear_model.LogisticRegression`. Any arguments provided to the sklearn constructor can be provided as kwargs here. """ super().__init__(sklearn_module="linear_model.LogisticRegression", **kwargs) def fit(self, train_data: DataLoader, **kwargs): return super().fit(train_data=train_data, **kwargs) class SkLearnSGDClassifier(SkLearnLinearModel): def __init__(self, **kwargs) -> None: r""" Factory class. Trains a model with `sklearn.linear_model.SGDClassifier(`. Any arguments provided to the sklearn constructor can be provided as kwargs here. """ super().__init__(sklearn_module="linear_model.SGDClassifier", **kwargs) def fit(self, train_data: DataLoader, **kwargs): return super().fit(train_data=train_data, **kwargs)